Nowadays, modern shopping malls can be seen in every Chinese city. Young people in China pay great attention to their appearance and many of them go 买衣服 (mǎi yīfu) on a monthly or even a weekly basis. Well, if you would also like to buy some new clothes, here is your chance to learn how to refer to different types of clothes in Chinese — men’s edition.
T恤 (T xù) is a loan word borrowed from the English word “t-shirt”.
It’s a self-explanatory word: 毛 (máo) means “fur” or “wool”, and 衣 means “clothes”.
Any type of coat or jacket that can be worn outside can be called 外套 (wàitào).
Warmer, fall or winter coats are usually referred to as 大衣 (dàyī). Since 大 (dà) means “big”, the hidden meaning behind this word is that a coat looks big compared to other types of clothes.
m.w. for clothes
The measure word for all the words mentioned above is 件 (jiàn). For example:
yī jiàn máoyī
Suits were introduced to China from western countries, and it is also reflected in the meaning of “西 xī”, which means “west”.
This word is usually associated with American Western movies, in which cowboys can often be seen. 牛仔 (niúzǎi) means “cowboy”, so the literal meaning of “jeans” in Chinese is “cowboy pants”.
7. Sports pants
tracksuit pants / sweatpants
运动 (yùndòng) means “sports”, and this word can be interpreted as “trousers that people wear when they do sports”.
短 (duǎn) means “short”, so shorts are literally “short pants” in Chinese.
9. Western-style trousers
trousers; suit pants
pair; m.w. a pair for shoes
The measure word for all kinds of shoes is 双 (shuāng). For example:
sān shuāng píxié
three pairs of leather shoes
12. Flip flops
slippers / flip-flops
拖 (tuō) means “to drag”. It can be observed that people sometimes drag their feet when walking in slippers, and that’s where this word came from.